Updated: Feb 25, 2022
The name "David" means one who is well beloved. He was born the eighth and youngest
book of Ruth) and Boaz (Ruth 4:22).
At a young age he tended his father's sheep, a job usually reserved for the least esteemed
of the family or its servants. The prophet Samuel makes a special trip to Bethlehem and
anoints him the next king of Israel. God chose David to replace Saul who would someday
lose his life because he departed from His ways.
A few years after his anointing, David fights and takes the life of Goliath the giant, who was
a Philistine living in Gath. His basic faith led the future king to conclude that God would
ultimately defend those who are his, something the entire Israelite army lacked the faith to
accept. Their focus was on how experienced and physically powerful was the enemy's
When the Israelites saw Goliath, they ran away in terror . . . David said to Saul, 'Your
Majesty, no one should be afraid of this Philistine! I will go and fight him.' (1Samuel 17:24,
A true giant!
From a human standpoint, Goliath had the size and strength to defeat almost anyone. He
stood roughly 9 feet, 3 inches (2.8 meters) tall. His protective battle coat, conservatively,
was 78 U.S. pounds (35.4 kilograms) heavy! The spear he used in battle was likely 26 feet
(7.9 meters) long, with its head alone weighing 17 U.S. pounds (7.7 kilograms). Without
faith, it would have been nearly impossible for King David to have defeated such a foe!
Because of a contention over the throne, King David ruled only the tribe of Judah after the
death of Saul. His rule over one tribe, which began when he was about 30, lasted seven and
one-half years. After this time, all the elders of Israel acknowledge him as the sole ruler over
all the tribes.
He continues to have a colorful life even as king. Shortly after becoming ruler over all Israel,
he attacks the Jebusites in Jerusalem and captures the city. This is why, to this day,
Jerusalem is also called the 'city of David.' It becomes the new capital over a united Israel
and the place where he lives. After a few missteps, he eventually brings the Ark of the
Covenant into the city. As ruler, he carries out successful military campaigns against the
Amalekites, Ammonites, Edomites, Moabites, Philistines, and Syrians.
Unfortunately, many of David's problems are self-inflicted. His illicit affair with Bathsheba, the
arranged murder of her husband and attempt at cover up his sins cost him grief, dishonor,
the life of a child and trouble within his household.
The sin of taking a census to determine the size of his army, instead of trusting God, cost
the lives of more than 70,000 Israelites. His lack of discipline in his own house contributed
to his son Absalom rebelling against him and another son Adonijah seeking to inherit the
throne instead of Solomon.
The life of King David ends shortly after proclaiming his son Solomon the next ruler of Israel.
and people that occurred while he lived include being anointed leader of Israel as a youth,
slaying Goliath the giant, overtaking the Jebusites in Jerusalem and makes the city his
capital and bringing the Ark of the Covenant into Jerusalem. He also writes at least 77 of
150 Psalms found in the Bible.